Kazakhstan’s UNSC bid
Following the UN Charter, based on the principles of fair and equitable geographical rotation and adequate representation of all Member States of the Asia-Pacific Regional Group, Kazakhstan announced its bid to become a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council in the years 2017-2018.
No Central Asian state has ever served on the UN Security Council before.
ASEAN member countries put forward their candidatures for a seat as a non-permanent member on the UN Security Council for the following period: 2015-2016 (Malaysia), 2017-2018 (Thailand), 2019-2020 (Indonesia), 2020-2021 (Vietnam), and 2027-2028 (Philippines).
Thailand has already served in the UN Security Council in 1985-1986.
Thailand recently has become the Chairman of the "Group of 77 and China" for 2016.
Bangladesh is aiming at the post of the Chairman of the Least Developed Countries (LCD) group for a three year period.
Kazakhstan withdrew its candidacy for Presidency of the UN General Assembly for 2017, to avoid occupying two positions in the United Nations electoral bodies. We wish to focus our efforts solely on achieving UN Security Council membership. We believe we have much to offer the Security Council, not least as the first country nominated from a region of the world of increasing geopolitical importance.
Cyprus and Fiji claim the Presidency of the UN General Assembly for 2017.
Kazakhstan’s multilateral diplomacy
The long-term goals and strategic priorities of Kazakhstan adhere to a coherent, balanced and consistent foreign policy, aimed at further strengthening relations with all countries and international organizations.
- Kazakhstan has rich experience in mediating and solving complex issues on the international agenda during its chairmanship of the SCO, OIC, CICA, CIS, CSTO and the OSCE.
- Kazakhstan intends to continue as a steadfast partner to the international coalition throughout the securing and reconstruction of Afghanistan.
- Kazakhstan was chairman of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and has initiated the creation of the Islamic Organization on Food Security.
- Kazakhstan has made a practical contribution to the negotiations on the Iranian nuclear programme by hosting two rounds of “6+1” talks in 2013.
- In connection with the events in Ukraine, Kazakhstan facilitated a series of talks with the parties involved in the crisis in 2014.
- Kazakhstan has made a contribution to the settlement of the Syrian crisis, providing a platform for the two rounds of inter-Syrian negotiations on 25-27 May 2015 and 3-4 October 2015.
- Kazakhstan is also providing its services as an intermediary in the negotiation and in settling the relations between Russia and Turkey.
- Kazakhstan is known as a moderator in the dialogue between religions and civilizations.
- Kazakhstan is working on the implementation of the Global energy-ecological strategy, as well as Astana’s “Green Bridge” initiative, aimed at the transfer of “green” technologies.
- Recently, Kazakhstan won the bid to host the “EXPO-2017” World Exhibition, with the theme of “Future Energy”. The Exhibition will be a large-scale national project, looking at energy with a holistic, global perspective, taking into account the challenges facing humanity - not only to ensure the safety of our health and environment, but also to accelerate economic and social development.
- Kazakhstan's active role in solving global problems is further evidenced by the annual Astana Economic Forum.
Strengthening global security and sustainable development
Kazakhstan places the utmost importance on its active participation in multilateral efforts to promote peace, and regional and international security.
- Kazakhstan is a leader in disarmament and the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
- Kazakhstan has become one of the initiators in establishing a zone free of nuclear arms in Central Asia.
- The idea of convening the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia was proposed by President Nazarbayev at the 47th Session of the UN General Assembly on October 5th, 1992.
- Kazakhstan fully supports the facilitation of the agenda for sustainable development for the post-2015 period.
- Kazakhstan attaches great importance to South-South cooperation, which has great potential for addressing issues related to poverty eradication and economic inequality in the least developed countries, in addition to promoting the development of a lasting peace, with a focus on people.
- One of Kazakhstan’s major transformations has been its transition from a recipient of aid to a donor country. Kazakhstan has assumed greater responsibility as an emerging donor country, with various forms of assistance provided to UN Member States to the amount of more than USD 66 million.
- Kazakhstan adopted a law “On Official Development Assistance”, leading to the foundation of the KazAid agency.
- We have provided food aid to Afghanistan equivalent to USD 18 million, educational aid equivalent to USD 50 million (the provision of higher-level education for thousands of Afghan students in Kazakhstan), and financial aid for infrastructure projects — intended for the construction of schools and hospitals, and the rebuilding of roads to the amount of USD 2.4 million.
- The government of Kazakhstan has funded 12 countries in support of bio-gas projects for the Pacific in cooperation with ESCAP. (Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste and Tonga, Tuvalu and Republic of Vanuatu) .
- In September 2015 Kazakhstan announced to provide additional assistance to PSIDS countries, together with the ESCAP, as an aid to their development.
- Kazakhstanis building upcooperation with the largest integration associations of America (OAS, CARICOM and the Union of South American Nations).
- Aside from Kazakhstan’s cooperation within the framework of OAS, our country is already engaged in the work of the CARICOM Community. Kazakhstan launches the second phase of assistance to Small Island States, especially Kazakhstan allocates funds through the CARICOM Secretariat as a means of institutional development.
- We continue to contribute to the post-war rehabilitation of Iraq.
- Kazakhstan is firmly committed to the rule of law. Kazakhstan's membership of the Human Rights Council for the period of 2013-2015 is a reflection of our commitment to promoting human rights at both the national and international level.
- Kazakhstan takes seriously its international obligations in the fight against terrorism.
- Kazakhstan is among the group of Friends of the Alliance of Civilizations. Kazakhstan was one of the initiating countries to designate 2010 as the International Year of Rapprochement of Cultures.
- Kazakhstan has hosted major international forums under the auspices of the UN.
The pillars of Kazakhstan’s campaign
The qualities and values that Kazakhstan bring to the international agenda are clearly defined, with an emphasis on four pillars of global security – nuclear, water, food and energy.
Pillar I. Nuclear security
Kazakhstan is a leader of the nuclear non-proliferation movement – we will use our non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council to further promote global nuclear security.
Pillar II. Water security
Kazakhstan is well aware that water security is essential in development, and has made water security the lynchpin of future economic and human development, both at home and abroad.
Pillar III. Food security
Kazakhstan recognizes its responsibility as a regional leader to ensure effective food distribution. Kazakhstan pledges to continue to tackle food security using instruments granted by membership to the UN Security Council.
Pillar IV. Energy security
Kazakhstan is committed to the UN’s goals to make energy more accessible to the world’s poorest countries. Our ambition is to help advance this agenda at the global level.
Kazakhstan’s standing on UNSC reforms
Kazakhstan’s UNSC candidacy reflects its firm conviction that substantive progress could be made in 2017-2018 on a number of procedural, as well as substantive, issues. Along with its significant contributions to the main pillars of the UN, Kazakhstan stands for Security Council reforms and relations with the wider United Nations structure, and has already formulated the main pillars, commitments and advantages of its 2017-2018 UNSC campaign.
Security Council reforms
- Kazakhstan supports continued efforts to enhance the transparency, accountability and effectiveness of the Security Council through improved procedures, including more briefings for non-members, meetings between members of the Council, troop-contributing countries and the Secretariat, and greater openness in procedures relating to sanctions.
- Kazakhstan believes that increasing the number and duration of field missions to United Nations operations would be helpful in improving the knowledge base of elected and permanent members alike. Field missions provide a platform to help prevent and resolve conflicts, and inform decisions about more appropriate measures in countries struggling to overcome internal strife.
Relations with the wider United Nations structure
- Kazakhstan fully supports the United Nations Charter Chapter VIII and believes that the Security Council must continue to enhance consultations and reinforce partnerships with regional organizations in Europe, Africa, Asia, and Latin America which are on the frontline of armed conflicts, or engaged in keeping or enforcing peace as well as preventing new crises from emerging or escalating.
- The creation of multi-functional and hybrid peacekeeping operations to deal with internal conflicts has generated a new set of non-military activities and budgetary questions for the Security Council, which require a greater role in decision making by the General Assembly. Indeed, we maintain that the views of non-members could and should be sought on a regular basis.
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The above-mentioned tracks and principles serve as the core of Kazakhstan’s bid for a non-permanent membership in the UN Security Council for 2017-2018.
Kazakhstan has the experience, the political will and the resources to make a valuable difference in the global challenges faced by the UNSC. It is fully engaged in its commitment to assume such responsibilities on the Security Council.
If Kazakhstan is elected as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, we will maintain a balanced and consistent foreign policy, and adhere to a multilateral and collective approach – the only effective response to challenges faced worldwide. Kazakhstan is confident that it can consider the entire agenda of the Security Council independently, ensuring stability in a vast geopolitical space.
It is high time to be United for Global Security, and find common solutions to vital issues in the highest negotiating platform.